Español RSS

Home  >  Economy >  Textile production

Textile manufacture

Like metallurgy and grain processing, textile production had a greater development in large Argaric settlements than in domestic ambits, at least in some advanced moments of the Argaric period. We can take as proof El Argar settlement, where two premises for high scale loom weight firing were discovered. The first one housed a burnt trunk surrounded by 500 loom weights, while the second one had a hundred in stacks around a ceramic vessel filled with charcoal.

 

image048  Structures for loom weight production, dug by Siret in El Argar (Siret and Siret 1890: lam. XVII)

 

Concerning the pottery chronology (subtype 2B3y according to Lull), these areas of specialized manufacture date back to the late Argaric period. On the other hand, archaeologists have identified the remains of two looms in two different workshops of Peñalosa (IVa and VIg). The first one had 50 weights and the second 27. Given these figures, the weights found in El Argar would allow to manufacture between 12 and 22 looms.

 

image049Loom remains in one of the cabinets dug in Peñalosa (Contreras 2000: fig. 5.1)

 

image052 Re-creation of the interior of an argaric room of Peñalosa, with the loom located near the entrance, which probably was the best lit area (Contreras et al. 1997: p. 71)

 

In short, despite the perishable nature of the fibers used in textile production, there are indications that it had featured prominently in the overall Argaric economy.

 

Photo Gallery

Ideal re-creation of a house dug in the village of Los Cipreses (Municipal Archaeological Museum of Lorca; http://www.museoarqueologicodelorca.com/index.php?id=cipreses)

Ideal re-creation of a house dug in the village of Los Cipreses (Municipal Archaeological Museum of Lorca; http://www.museoarqueologicodelorca.com/index.php?id=cipreses)

Line tissue from grave 24 of El Argar before and after its cleaning (Hundt 1991: fig. 30)

Line tissue from grave 24 of El Argar before and after its cleaning (Hundt 1991: fig. 30)

  • Ideal re-creation of a house dug in the village of Los Cipreses (Municipal Archaeological Museum of Lorca; http://www.museoarqueologicodelorca.com/index.php?id=cipreses)
  • Line tissue from grave 24 of El Argar before and after its cleaning (Hundt 1991: fig. 30)

El Argar

Digital Archeology

Copyright © 2009 ASOME - UAB. Proyecto La Bastida

XHTML 1.0 Válido CSS Válido Icono de conformidad con el Nivel Doble-A, de las Directrices de Accesibilidad para el Contenido Web 1.0 del W3C-WAI

Logotipos de los organismos colaboradores Logotipo del Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio, ir a la web Logotipo de la Comunidad Autónoma de la Región de Murcia, ir a la web Logotipo del Ayuntamiento de Totana, ir a la web Logotipo de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, ir a la web Logotipo del Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, ir a la web