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Materials of woody origin

 

Materials of woody origin were used as fuel and to elaborate materials for the construction and tools. Light and resistant woods (pine) were used for beams and posts. While dense woods (holm oak, jarrah or Apple tree) were used for handles to avoid chipping, as in the case of the halberd handle discovered in the tomb nº 3 of Los Cipreses. Several grave goods have examples of halberds and axes with woody remains adhered in their proximal edge, this allows us to deduct how the handle is laid out in the metallic object. Other species such as esparto and line were used in basketwork, rope and clothe making.

 

TejidoDeLinoWoody remains of a halberd and a dagger handle discovered in grave 449 of El Argar (Siret and Siret 1890; lam. 32)
TejidoDeLino Line material wrapping a dagger found in tomb 248 of El Argar, before and after its cleaning (Hundt 1991: figs. 32 and 33)

 

 

Dibujo1Basket made of esparto found in Peñalosa (Contreras 2000: p. 92)

One of the best preservation examples in the Argaric archaeology is the tomb 121 of Castellón Alto, a covacha closed with pine planks where it laid the corpses of an infant and an adult man partially mummified. The man had still tissue of the skull and the back of the skull, partly the beard and the hair, with braids on the sides and a pigtail in the center. It stands out fragments of line, wool remains and a net of esparto around his right leg. The related grave goods are four ceramic vessels (among them, a goblet), copper bracelets, silver rings, a dagger of Cooper with traces of its scabbard and an adz of cooper with a handle made of holm oak. The head of the infant seems to have been covered with a woolen bonnet with line and leather on top. The grave goods of the second individual consist in a cooper bracelet on each forearm, three collar beads and bones of a young sheep.

 

Reconstrucción de la tumba 121 de Castellón Alto     Reconstrucción de la tumba 121 de Castellón AltoTomb 121 of Castellón Alto (Miguel Ángel Blanco de la Rubia, Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología Universidad de Granada) and virtual re-creation (Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología Universidad de Granada)

 

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Distal fragment of a wooden handle of probably an axe discovered in grave 572a of El Argar (Siret and Siret 1890: lam. 31)

Distal fragment of a wooden handle of probably an axe discovered in grave 572a of El Argar (Siret and Siret 1890: lam. 31)

Tissue fragments from El Oficio (Mariën and Ulrix-Closset 1985: fig. 65)

Tissue fragments from El Oficio (Mariën and Ulrix-Closset 1985: fig. 65)

Dagger wrapped in three layers of material preserved thank to the copper salts, Ladera de San Antón (Catálogo de exposición del MARQ 2009: núm. 31)

Dagger wrapped in three layers of material preserved thank to the copper salts, Ladera de San Antón (Catálogo de exposición del MARQ 2009: núm. 31)

Line remains adhered to a dagger from tomb nº 417 of el Argar (1 &2) and an axe from tomb nº 497 of El Argar (3 & 4; Hundt 1991: fig. 36).

Line remains adhered to a dagger from tomb nº 417 of el Argar (1 &2) and an axe from tomb nº 497 of El Argar (3 & 4; Hundt 1991: fig. 36).

  • Distal fragment of a wooden handle of probably an axe discovered in grave 572a of El Argar (Siret and Siret 1890: lam. 31)
  • Tissue fragments from El Oficio (Mariën and Ulrix-Closset 1985: fig. 65)
  • Dagger wrapped in three layers of material preserved thank to the copper salts, Ladera de San Antón (Catálogo de exposición del MARQ 2009: núm. 31)
  • Line remains adhered to a dagger from tomb nº 417 of el Argar (1 &2) and an axe from tomb nº 497 of El Argar (3 & 4; Hundt 1991: fig. 36).

El Argar

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