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Settlements

Disposición de las viviendas y talleres de Peñalosa a lo largo de la ladera (Alarcón 2006: fig. 4)

Layout of the buildings and workshops of Peñalosa along the hillside (Alarcón 2006: fig. 4)

 

 

 

 

The Argaric settlement pattern is distinguished by its location, usually on hills near hydric resources, the location of dwelling and necropolis in the same place and the practice of metallurgy. The villages have a developed urban layout with long dwellings with plants of absidal, trapezoidal or rectangular shape. These buildings are arranged densely in groups on artificial terraces.
 

 

Aspecto urbanistico en el piedemonte de La Bastida (ASOME ©)

Appearance of the urban layout at the foothill of La Bastida (ASOME ©)

 

 

  

Last but not least, it is worth mentioning the existence of Argaric settlements located immediately on the coast, such as Punta de los Gavilanes and Illeta dels Banyets. Apart from a possible role on the communication routes, their inhabitants exploited the marine resources The argaric society was a milestone of sedentary life and urbanism, the launch of metallurgy  and the development of political  and economic inequalities. La Bastida offers a unique and exceptional opportunity to understand this key period of our past.the surroundings.
 

 

Yacimiento de El Argar (Antas, Almería; ASOME ©)Archaeological site of El Argar (Antas, Almería;  ASOME ©)

 

Yacimiento de La Bastida (Totana, Murcia; ASOME ©)La Bastida (Totana, Murcia; ASOME ©)

 

 

Yacimiento de Fuente Álamo (Cuevas del Almanzora, Almería; ASOME ©)Archaeological site of Fuente Álamo(Cuevas del Almanzora, Almería; ASOME ©)  

Gatas (Turre, Almería; ASOME ©Gatas (Turre, Almería; ASOME ©)

 

 

It seems that the inhabitants of these villages did not prioritize the access to best and/or more vast arable lands in the vicinity, as there is an inverse relation between their inhabitants and the agricultural potential of their surroundings. Furthermore, the proximity to the main metallic mineral sources didn’t have an important role on the emplacement of these large villages. Therefore, we suppose that there were other reasons to choose the locations, such as defensive advantages or the strategical control on the communication channels and the economic territories.

 

Correlación entre las dimensiones de los poblados y el potencial para la agricultura de secano (arriba) y la agricultura de regadío (abajo; Lull et al. 2009: fig. 8)Correlation between the size of the villages and the potential for the dry land agriculture (above) and the irrigable agriculture (down; Lull et al. 2009: fig. 8)

 

Near big settlements on hilltops, it stands out another type of villages, also located on hills but smaller (<0,5 ha). These one are usually constituted of a fortress and fewer graves, like in the settlements of Barranco de la Viuda and Tira del Lienzo, both in Murcia.

 

Barranco de la Viuda (El Hinójar, Murcia; ASOME ©)Barranco de la Viuda (El Hinójar, Murcia; ASOME©)
Tira del Lienzo (Totana, Murcia; ASOME ©) Tira del Lienzo (Totana, Murcia; ASOME ©)

 

There is a third type of settlements, which are constituted of small villages located on lowlands on quaternary deposits and more humid grounds. The evidence of productive processes found in Loma del Tío Ginés, Los Cipreses and El Rincón de Almendricos indicates that their main economic activity was farming.

 

Los Cipreses (Lorca, Murcia; ASOME ©)Los Cipreses (Lorca, Murcia; ASOME ©)
 Rincón de Almendricos (Almendricos, Muria; Lull et al. en prensa: fig. 3) Rincón de Almendricos (Almendricos, Murcia; Lull et al. 2010: fig. 3)

 

Last but not least, it is worth mentioning the existence of Argaric settlements located immediately on the coast, such as Punta de los Gavilanes and Illeta dels Banyets. Apart from a possible role on the communication routes, their inhabitants exploited the marine resources from the surroundings.

 

 

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Photo Gallery

Panoramic view of Cerro de la Encina from the south east (Aranda and Molina 2006: fig. 2)

Panoramic view of Cerro de la Encina from the south east (Aranda and Molina 2006: fig. 2)

Re-creation of Cerro de la Encina in the Argaric period, as shown on the information boards of the site

Re-creation of Cerro de la Encina in the Argaric period, as shown on the information boards of the site

Image of level V of the defensive wall  of Cerro de la Encina during the diggings of 1971/72, evident on the half left side of the picture (Arribas et al. 1974: lam. XVIb)

Image of level V of the defensive wall of Cerro de la Encina during the diggings of 1971/72, evident on the half left side of the picture (Arribas et al. 1974: lam. XVIb)

Fortified building in the acropolis  of Cerro de la Encina settlement, after its reconstruction (Aranda et al. 2009: fig.1)

Fortified building in the acropolis of Cerro de la Encina settlement, after its reconstruction (Aranda et al. 2009: fig.1)

The archaeological site of Fuente Álamo during fieldwork in 1985 (Schubart et al. 1987: lam. 8)

The archaeological site of Fuente Álamo during fieldwork in 1985 (Schubart et al. 1987: lam. 8)

Big rectangular buildings (O and H) after their restoration in the acropolis of Fuente Álamo (Schubart 2003: fig. 3)

Big rectangular buildings (O and H) after their restoration in the acropolis of Fuente Álamo (Schubart 2003: fig. 3)

Building H and O in the acropolis of Fuente Álamo (Schubart et al. 1987: lams. 2b and 3b)

Building H and O in the acropolis of Fuente Álamo (Schubart et al. 1987: lams. 2b and 3b)

Argaric cistern dug in the acropolis of Fuente Álamo (Schubart 2003: fig. 6)

Argaric cistern dug in the acropolis of Fuente Álamo (Schubart 2003: fig. 6)

House 1 and 4 of the village on the plain Los Cipreses http://www.arqueomurcia.com/revista/n1/htm/cipreses.htm

House 1 and 4 of the village on the plain Los Cipreses http://www.arqueomurcia.com/revista/n1/htm/cipreses.htm

  • Panoramic view of Cerro de la Encina from the south east (Aranda and Molina 2006: fig. 2)
  • Re-creation of Cerro de la Encina in the Argaric period, as shown on the information boards of the site
  • Image of level V of the defensive wall  of Cerro de la Encina during the diggings of 1971/72, evident on the half left side of the picture (Arribas et al. 1974: lam. XVIb)
  • Fortified building in the acropolis  of Cerro de la Encina settlement, after its reconstruction (Aranda et al. 2009: fig.1)
  • The archaeological site of Fuente Álamo during fieldwork in 1985 (Schubart et al. 1987: lam. 8)
  • Big rectangular buildings (O and H) after their restoration in the acropolis of Fuente Álamo (Schubart 2003: fig. 3)
  • Building H and O in the acropolis of Fuente Álamo (Schubart et al. 1987: lams. 2b and 3b)
  • Argaric cistern dug in the acropolis of Fuente Álamo (Schubart 2003: fig. 6)
  • House 1 and 4 of the village on the plain Los Cipreses http://www.arqueomurcia.com/revista/n1/htm/cipreses.htm

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